Once a person is a validated as a gang member, the person is subject to increased sentences, harsher punishments such as solitary confinement and more restrictive parole rules. In most cases the police can and will get the information they need, however this requires police officers and federal agents to make formal legal requests for information in a timely manner, which typically requires a search warrant or subpoena to compel the service providers to supply the needed information. Involvement[ edit ] Matthew O'Deane has identified five primary steps of gang involvement applicable to the majority of gangs in the world; at risk, associates, members, hardcore members, and leaders. Fear of crime and Violence Gang violence refers mostly to the illegal and non-political acts of violence perpetrated by gangs against civilians, other gangs, law enforcement officers, firefighters, or military personnel. We know still less about how 'the gang' links to levels of youth violence. Many gangs, including foreign and transnational gangs, hold that the only way to leave the gang is through death. In some areas, joining a gang is an integrated part of the growing-up process. As Internet pages like MySpace, YouTube, Twitter, AIM, and Facebook become more popular, law enforcement works to understand how to conduct investigations related to gang activity in an online environment. Valdez found that women with ties to gang members are often used to hold illegal weapons and drugs, typically, because members believe the girls are less likely to be searched by police for such items. Find chapters 2 and 16 under the Sample Materials tab above. They have generally grown up in the same area as one another and can bond over similar needs. At the level of enforcement, a focus on gang membership may be counterproductive; creating confusion and resulting in a drag-net approach which can criminalise innocent young people rather than focusing resources on serious violent crime.
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